- “/” Represents Proximity Search (Near Each Other) in Manu Search. It searches for the words/phrase in unordered manner with the use of Artificial Intelligence. To find words within a specified distance of each other you use the Proximity operator.
- For instance, to find documents with 'corporate', 'tax' and 'law' within 29 words of each other in any order you can use the Proximity Operator. e.g. "Corporate tax law"/29.
The option of Search within Results allows unlimited nesting option for the user. You may narrow down the results by searching only in the results. Select the search in results button, input your query in the search box and click on Refine.
* is a valid wildcard character used when the researcher is not sure about spelling of search keyword. For instance, when you type Prov* in search query, it will match province, provides, provisions, proved, and so on. Also, when you type *city in search query, it will match city, capacity, complexity, specificity, and so on.
Search filters can be used both ways i.e. before and after you make a search.
You can filter using various parameters like court name/time period/Judge/Judge bench/Subject etc.
- If you use comma between words without space then the search will happen for both words together. Instead if you use the words without comma, it will search for both words separately and give results.
- E.g. If you use search query child, custody – the search results will show all judgments where child custody is used together. (Boolean AND function) and if you type only child custody – the search results will show all judgments where child is used and where custody is used. (OR function)
We can make this search using either of the below two options:
- Manu Search → Frame ""Order 21 Rule 29 CPC""@8. From the results page using the filters you can open results from the relevant jurisdiction. The command used is @ which is ordered Proximity (Operator ‘@’).
- Legal Search: Go to Legal Search, then click on Act Search, and select the required Act to get your result.
- AND/OR Boolean operators can be used filter search results. This function is available towards the right-side of the Manu search bar in the drop-down - Auto/And/Or.
- If you select (AND) then the search Engine will fetch only those documents where all your keywords are present. If you select (OR) then Search Engine will fetch documents where even one among all your given keywords is available. If you select (NOT): These are to eliminate results with certain keywords that you don’t want in your results.
The bulb icon shows various search tips for making quicker and relevant search on Manupatra.
- Yes, it works like google search.
- Manupatra uses NLP (Natural language processing) so that you can keep your queries as simple as possible and still get accurate results.
- You can also phrase a query by putting "" (inverted commas) in beginning and last to make it a phrase.
You can access Articles on Manupatra - Articles by Professionals, Articles by Students, Academic Journals, Case Studies & Briefs, Moot Memorials, Alerts, Press Releases, and Insights etc. Yes, you can definitely use Manupatra for your research papers as already it is widely used by our users for the same.
Yes, you can search for Judgements on any specific Act and sections.
Also you can search judgement on two different acts and their different sections together.
To search a judgment from a specific court/tribunal, you need to first select the preferred court folder from TOC, and then go Manu/Legal / Assisted Search to make your search. Now your search will be limited to the selected court.
- To search a judgment with citation, you can use Citation Search
- Click on the citation search tab, Select radio button for Indian or for International Citations. From drop-down: Select name of Publisher, Type Year, Volume Number (If required), and Page Number.
- You can use this interface to search partial citations too.
- You can make a citation search from Manu search as well. Click on Manu Search, on the top left select Citation Search, type first three letters of Publisher, select publisher name, you will be prompted with the format of citation, fill in the required form and you will be able to retrieve citation.
- To search for a judgement through Party Name, Click on Legal Search. In Appellant/Respondent tab, type the name of both the parties or a single party. Click search to get the relevant result.
- Please ensure correct spelling is used while doing Party Name Search.
- To find a judgement through date, you can select the Court Name from TOC. Now click on Legal Search, Under Date tab Select ON, click the calendar icon to choose the preferred date/year. You will be able to see all the judgements from the selected court on the selected date.
- Search in result allows users to refine their searches further. Once you have made your first search through Manu or Legal Search, select the radio button of Search in Result, type your second query and refine your search. If required, you can further refine your query from search in result option for n number of times.